Project management focuses on planning and organizing a project and its resources (Usability.gov, n.d.). In short, project management is how to get things done the right way. Proper project management can help assure that the purpose/vision and goals of the project are met while supporting the tasks and objectives (Usability.gov, n.d.). Project management has evolved from something which is applied to a particular department or function to a tool which is holistically applied to the entire organization (Kerzner and Kerzner, 2017).
Project management involves a number of elements. The beginning and end of a project is called the “life cycle”. Projects are typically broken down into phases. Each phase outlines the what needs to be done and by whom. Projects are comprised of individual tasks and tasks which are repeated are referred to as processes. According to the Project Management Institute, most life cycles have four or five phases on average (Usability.gov, n.d.).
While project management can be a successful approach to any endeavor, failing to plan properly can sink the project even before it has begun. Most project plans outline:
What is important is to ensure that all of the resources, including people and material are where they need to be, when they need to be there. What distinguishes project management from simply 'management' is that it has a final deliverable and a finite timespan, unlike management which is an ongoing process (APM.org, n.d.).
The “science” of Project Management originated with the US Department of Defense, but is now a common methodology in many fields and subjects, from auto manufacturing to non-profit organizations, as well as education (Kerzner and Kerzner, 2017). Increasingly, Project Management is both a subject in demand as well as an approach applied to education. In this regard, project management means working with Subject Matter Experts, Teachers, Instructional Designers, school administrators and others, to bring a successful project to fruition. Over the next eight weeks, this blog space will explore contemporary issues in Project Management as applied to the field of education.
(Usability.gov, n.d.). The what and why of project management. [web log comment]. Retrieved from: https://www.usability.gov/what-and-why/project-management.html
Kerzner and Kerzner (2017). Project Management: A Systems Approach to Planning, Scheduling, and Controlling. John Wiley & Sons: NY.
Miller, A. J., & Clark, B. (2017). Teachers as Project Managers: Leveraging Project Management to Build Exemplary CTE Programs. Techniques: Connecting Education & Careers, 92(8), 32
(APM.org, n.d.). What is project management? [web log comment]. Retrieved from: https://www.apm.org.uk/resources/what-is-project-management/
Russell, L. (2015). Project Management for Trainers. Alexandria, VA: Association For Talent Development. https://www.pmi.org/about/learn-about-pmi/what-is-project-management